Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)
Fair Value Measurements
|9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2021
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]
|Fair Value Measurements
|Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. A fair value hierarchy has been established based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable.
Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. These are typically obtained from real-time quotes for transactions in active exchange markets involving identical assets.
Level 2: Inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, which are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. These are typically obtained from readily-available pricing sources for comparable instruments.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs, where there is little or no market activity for the asset or liability. These inputs reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions of the data that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, based on the best information available in the circumstances.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The Company measures certain financial assets at fair value on a recurring basis, including its marketable securities and certain cash equivalents. The Company considers all securities available-for-sale, including those with maturity dates beyond 12 months, and therefore these securities are classified within current assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as they are available to support current operational liquidity needs. The money market accounts are valued based on quoted market prices in active markets. The marketable securities are generally valued based on other observable inputs for those securities (including market corroborated pricing or other models that utilize observable inputs such as interest rates and yield curves) based on information provided by independent third-party pricing entities, except for U.S. Treasury securities which are valued based on quoted market prices in active markets.
The following tables set forth the amortized cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and fair values of the Company’s marketable securities accounted for as available-for-sale securities as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
The Company had $0.5 million and $0.2 million of accrued interest receivable at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, included in other current assets on its Consolidated Balance Sheets related to its marketable securities. Realized gains or losses on marketable securities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 were immaterial. There were no realized gains or losses on marketable securities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.
The following tables set forth the fair value of available-for-sale marketable securities by contractual maturity at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
The following tables set forth the Company’s cash equivalents and marketable securities accounted for as available-for-sale securities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis based on the fair value hierarchy as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
There were no transfers of financial assets or liabilities into or out of Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, net, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities, and other current assets and liabilities, are considered reasonable estimates of their respective fair values at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 due to their short-term nature.
The Company also measures certain non-financial assets at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, primarily intangible assets, goodwill, and long-lived assets in connection with periodic evaluations for potential impairment. The Company estimates the fair value of these assets using primarily unobservable inputs and, as such, these are considered Level 3 fair value measurements.